The Latter-day Saints' practice of polygamy has been controversial, both within Western society and the LDS Church itself.  Although the LDS Church has requested that journalists not refer to Mormon fundamentalists using the term "Mormon," journalists generally have not complied, and "Mormon fundamentalist" has become standard terminology.  Today, various denominations of fundamentalist Mormonism continue to practice polygamy.. First, we have Rulon Jeffs (that's him on the left with two of his wives). , However, John C. Bennett, a recent convert to the church and the first mayor of Nauvoo, used ideas of eternal and plural marriage to justify acts of seduction, adultery and, in some cases, the practice of abortion in the guise of "spiritual wifery." , William Clayton, Smith's scribe, recorded early polygamous marriages in 1843: "On the 1st day of May, 1843, I officiated in the office of an Elder by marrying Lucy Walker to the Prophet Joseph Smith, at his own residence. While not considered a schism of the Church of Christ (Fettingite) and its founder Otto Fetting, the Church of Christ at Halley's Bluff accepted Fetting's revelations, but it did not immediately break with the Fettingites in 1929.  This teaching was alluded to by church president Brigham Young in 1870 and First Presidency member Joseph F. Smith in 1883. The possibility for women to be sealed to multiple men is a recent policy change enacted in 1998. In some cases, women in this situation who wish to remarry choose to be married to subsequent husbands in the temple "for time only," and are not sealed to them, leaving them sealed to their first husband for eternity. In 1887, the Edmunds–Tucker Act allowed the disincorporation of the LDS Church and the seizure of church property; it also further extended the punishments of the Edmunds Act. Those disagreeing with the Second Manifesto included apostles Matthias F. Cowley and John W. Taylor, who both resigned from the Quorum of the Twelve.  The discrepancy is created by the lack of documents to support the alleged marriages to some of the named wives. . McConkie wrote that the “holy practice” would resume after Jesus Christ’s Second Coming. Similar family sealings are practiced in Latter-Day Saint temples today, where children of parents who were not sealed at the time of their marriage are sealed to their parents and to one another in a group ceremony. His wife Emma was cognizant of the fact of some, if not all, of these being his wives, and she generally treated them very kindly. Unlike the pattern that usually prevailed in Mormon towns, many young men of Orderville entered the celestial order when they first married or soon thereafter.” Nearby Kanab was less successful in its communal economy and had less than half as many polygamists. These sealings create effective plural marriages that will continue after death. A man may be sealed to more than one woman. "Unlawful cohabitation," in which the prosecution did not need to prove that a marriage ceremony had taken place (only that a couple had lived together), was a misdemeanor punishable by a $300 fine and six months imprisonment.  Critics also assert that Joseph Smith instituted polygamy in order to cover up an 1835 adulterous affair with a neighbor's daughter, Fanny Alger, by taking Alger as his second wife.  Critics also cite several first-person accounts of early church leaders attempting to use the polygamy doctrine to enter into illicit relationships with women. Buchanan, anticipating Mormon opposition to a newly appointed territorial governor to replace Brigham Young, dispatched 2,500 federal troops to Utah to seat the new governor, thus setting in motion a series of misunderstandings in which the Mormons felt threatened. In 1998, the LDS Church changed the policy and now also …  In 1893, married LDS Church member John D. Miles traveled to England and proposed to Caroline Owens, assuring her that he was not polygamous.  Two months later, apostle Orson Pratt taught in a church periodical that "We have now clearly shown that God the Father had a plurality of wives," and that after her death, Mary (the mother of Jesus) may have become another eternal polygamous wife of God. Receiving clearance does not void or invalidate the first sealing.  Richard Lloyd Anderson and Scott H. Faulring came up with a list of 29 wives of Joseph Smith. A 12 July 1843 polygamy revelation on plural marriage, attributed to. Mormon fundamentalists often use an ambiguous September 27, 1886 revelation to John Taylor as the basis for continuing the practice of plural marriage. Brigham Young preached in 1866 that if Utah will not be admitted to the Union until it abandons polygamy, "we shall never be admitted.".  Ann Eliza Young, nineteenth wife of Brigham Young, claimed that Young coerced her to marry him by threatening financial ruin of her brother. They would not be equally yoked together . Teachings on the multiple wives of God and Jesus, Modern plural marriage theory within the LDS Church, Multiple sealings when a prior spouse has died, Multiple sealings when marriages end in divorce, Proxy sealings where both spouses have died, The LDS Church encourages journalists not to use the word "Mormon" in reference to organizations or people that practice polygamy. Some Mormons marry and have more than one wife, but this is not accepted by the Mormon Church, which does not accept polygamy or plural marriage. By 1943, both were in their seventies. The Quorum of the Twelve provided the newspapers with a one-sentence announcement, stating that the ground for excommunication was violation of the law of chastity. ", "LDS Church Authority and New Plural Marriages, 1890–1904", "Wife no.19, or the story of a life in bondage", "New Light on an Old Hypothesis: The Ohio Origins of the Revelation on Eternal Marriage", "The 'Leading Sisters': A Female Hierarchy in Nineteenth Century Mormon Society", "Plurality, Patriarchy, and the Priestess: Zina D. H. Young's Nauvoo Marriages", "Single Men in a Polygamous Society: Male Marriage Patterns in Manti, Utah", "Ultimate Taboos: Incest and Mormon Polygamy", "That 'Same Old Question of Polygamy and Polygamous Living:' Some Recent Findings Regarding Nineteenth and Early Twentieth-Century Mormon Polygamy", "Plural marriage and Mormon fundamentalism", "Principle Revoked: A Closer Look at the Demise of Plural Marriage", "Gospel Topics: Plural Marriage in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints", "Gospel Topics: Plural marriage in Kirtland and Nauvoo", "Gospel Topics: Plural Marriage and Families in Early Utah", "Gospel Topics: The Manifesto and the End of Plural Marriage", "How An 1843 Revelation on Polygamy Poses A Serious Challenge to Modern Mormonism", Current denominations or sub-groups in the Latter Day Saint movement, The Church of Jesus Christ (Bickertonite), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and the Kingdom of God. It is also true that LDS men whose wives have died can be sealed for time and all eternity to a second or even third wife within LDS temples, while women … He returned to Salt Lake City on September 21, determined to obtain divine confirmation to pursue a course that seemed to be agonizingly more and more clear. Polygamy (from Late Greek πολυγαμία, polygamía, "state of marriage to many spouses") is the practice of marrying multiple spouses. Polygamy (called plural marriage by Mormons in the 19th century or the Principle by modern fundamentalist practitioners of polygamy) was practiced by leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) for more than half of the 19th century, and practiced publicly from 1852 to 1890 by between 20 and 30 percent of Latter-day Saint families. Currently Mormons can only have 1 wife. BYU Studies 41:4 (2002):145-149. Three Wives, One Husband: Married to the Mormons begins on Channel 4, Monday 27 January at 10pm The Salt Lake Tribune estimates there may be as many as 37,000 Mormon fundamentalists, with less than half living in … One month later, the Edmunds Act was passed by Congress, amending the Morrill Act and made polygamy a felony punishable by a $500 fine and five years in prison. Meanwhile, the LDS Church continues its policy of excommunicating members found practicing polygamy, and today actively seeks to distance itself from fundamentalist groups that continue the practice. Some Mormons marry and have more than one wife, but this is not accepted by the Mormon Church, which does not accept polygamy or plural marriage. , Critics of polygamy in the early LDS Church have documented several cases where deception and coercion were used to induce marriage, for example citing the case of Joseph Smith who warned some potential spouses of eternal damnation if they did not consent to be his wife. , It is unclear how many of the wives Smith had sexual relations with. Even though only a tiny minority of Latter-day Saints practiced plural marriage, many church leaders were very reluctant to abandon it, arguing that to do so would destroy the LDS way of life.  However, historian Lawrence Foster dismisses the marriage of Alger to Joseph Smith as "debatable supposition" rather than "established fact. But in Mormonism, there is no specific limit to how many wives a … " The majority of what became the Quorum of the Twelve in 1835 attended Mormon conferences held in the center of the Cochranites in 1834 and 1835. Mormon fundamentalists themselves embrace the term "Mormon" and share a religious heritage and beliefs with the LDS Church, including canonization of the Book of Mormon and a claim that Joseph Smith is the founder of their religion. When a woman is married to more than one husband at a time, it is called polyandry. These beliefs stem from statements by 19th-century Mormon authorities including Brigham Young (although some of these leaders gave possibly conflicting statements that a monogamist may obtain at least a lower degree of "exaltation" through mere belief in polygamy).. Fundamentalist Mormons believe that multiple wives (at least 3) are necessary to get into heaven, but there's no limit. Divorced or widowed men can be “sealed” (married for eternity in Latter-day Saint temples) to multiple wives, while such women generally can be sealed only to one […] Ken Driggs, "'This Will Someday Be the Head and Not the Tail of the Church': A History of the Mormon Fundamentalists at Short Creek,", "When I was 66, my wife June died of cancer. He recently moved to The Ranch with his wife and their six children.The residents are a hodgepodge of people whose members in Utah haven’t always gotten along. " While his wife Vilate had trials "grievous to bear" as a result of her acceptance of plural marriage, she supported her husband in his religious duties, and taught her children that "she could not doubt the plural order of marriage was of God, for the Lord had revealed it to her in answer to prayer. After the Civil War, immigrants to Utah who were not members of the church continued the contest for political power. Several small "fundamentalist" groups, seeking to continue the practice, split from the LDS Church, including the Apostolic United Brethren (AUB) and the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (FLDS Church). In the case where a man's first wife dies, and the man remarries, and both of the marriages involve a sealing, LDS authorities teach that in the afterlife, the man will enter a polygamous relationship with both wives. Later, God changed the command, as instructed to Prophet Jacob and mentioned in the book of Mormon as Jacob 2:27-30, "for there shall not any man among you have save it be one wife: and concubines he shall have none...for if I will, saith the Lord of Hosts, raise up seed unto me, I will command my people; otherwise they shall hearken unto these things.". In 1943, the First Presidency learned that apostle Richard R. Lyman was cohabitating with a woman other than his legal wife. After visiting priesthood leaders in many settlements, church president Wilford Woodruff left for San Francisco on September 3, 1890, to meet with prominent businessmen and politicians. As it turned out, in 1925 Lyman had begun a relationship which he defined as a polygamous marriage. There are no church teachings clarifying whether polyandrous relationships can exist in the afterlife, so some church members doubt whether this possibility would apply to women who are sealed by proxy to multiple spouses. A woman, however, may not be sealed to more than one man while she is alive. Even among those who accept the views of conventional historians, there is disagreement as to the precise number of wives Smith had: Fawn M. Brodie lists 48, D. Michael Quinn 46, and George D. Smith 38. This ceremony is called "sealing" and takes about 20 minutes. As a result, over 200 plural marriages were performed between 1890 and 1904.. The final element in Woodruff's revelatory experience came on the evening of September 23, 1890. The same is true for women; however, if a woman was sealed to a man while she was alive, all of her husbands must be deceased before she can be sealed by proxy to them.. Proxy sealings, like proxy baptisms, are merely offered to the person in the afterlife, indicating that the purpose is to allow the woman to choose the right man to be sealed to. These groups continue to practice "the Principle." A number of Smith's "marriages" occurred after his death, with the wife being sealed to Smith via a proxy who stood in for him. According to the Mormon Church, which is officially known as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, polygamy or plural marriage was practiced a long … , As the LDS Church settled in what became the Utah Territory, it eventually was subjected to the power and opinion of the United States. " Thus, the LDS Church today teaches that plural marriage can only be practiced when specifically authorized by God. Church of Jesus Christ (Original Doctrine) Inc. 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First, insulting innocent females, and when they resented the insult, these monsters in human shape would assail their characters by lying, and perjuries, with a multitude of desperate men to help them effect the ruin of those whom they insulted, and all this to enable them to keep these corrupt practices from the world. Journal History, 26 August 1857; cited by Hyrum Leslie Andrus, Lyman Johnson as recounted by Orson Pratt, ". the word marriage is only used once in the book of Mormon, but marriage is referred to elsewhere in the book using other words and phrases, like "taking a wife". Daynes, Kathryn M. Review of Mormon Odyssey: The Story of Ida Hunt Udall, Plural Wife, by Maria S. Ellsworth. This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 22:45. She ran away, but Miles hunted her down and raped her. In 1879, in Reynolds v. United States, the Supreme Court of the United States upheld the Morrill Act, stating: "Laws are made for the government of actions, and while they cannot interfere with mere religious belief and opinion, they may with practices. He was later shocked to learn that he was to marry a younger woman. Joseph Smith introduced plural marriage early … Before marriage it's this bad thing, this negative thing, this thing you avoid. Lyon's mother, Sylvia Sessions Lyon, left her daughter a deathbed affidavit telling her she was Smith's daughter.. In the family there is Kody Brown, the father, and his four wives Meri, 49, Janelle, 50, Christine, 48 and Robyn, 41 along with their 18 children. Even if people did not practice polygamy, they would have their rights revoked if they confessed a belief in it. A Mormon is only allowed to have one wife, according to the Book of Mormon. Emma Smith claimed that the very first time she ever became aware of the 1843 polygamy revelation was when she read about it in Orson Pratt's publication The Seer in 1853..  Current apostles Russell M. Nelson and Dallin H. Oaks are examples of such a case.. In this case, they are no longer regarded as being sealed to anyone and are presumed to have the same eternal status as unwed women. Unable to trust anyone else to officiate, Lyman and the woman exchanged vows secretly. Mormon polygamy was one of the leading moral issues of the 19th Century in the United States, perhaps second only to slavery in importance. The founder of the Mormon church, Joseph Smith, wed as many as 40 wives, including some who were already married and one as young as 14 years old, the church acknowledged in a surprising new essay. Without being able to appear publicly, the leadership was left to navigate "underground.". While many church leaders in 1890 regarded the Manifesto as inspired, there were differences among them about its scope and permanence. Members consider themselves as remaining adherents of the (historical), Saturday/Sunday Bulletin World Conference 2019, pp.15-16, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, List of Latter Day Saint practitioners of plural marriage, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Current state of polygamy in the Latter Day Saint movement, Criticism of the Latter Day Saint movement, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and politics in the United States, Marriage in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "Mexico killing highlights confusion over Mormon groups", "Mormons seek distance from polygamous sects", Report of Elders Orson Pratt and Joseph F. Smith, "The Judgements of God on the United States—The Saints and the World", "Man the Head of the Woman—Kingdom of God—The Seed of Christ—Polygamy—Society in Utah", "The Mormon Evasion of Anti-Polygamy Laws", 132:1–4, 19, 20, 24, 34, 35, 38, 39, 52, 60–66, "The Prophet Joseph Smith and His Plural Wives", "The Prophet Joseph Smith and His Plural Wives – FARMS Review", "DNA tests rule out 2 as Smith descendants", "The Mormons .  LDS historian Todd Compton, in his book In Sacred Loneliness, described various instances where some wives in polygamous marriages were unhappy with polygamy. The Jeffs. Official Mormon sources have recently admitted that Smith had as many as 33 wives, although other researchers say they have found evidence for more. The doctrine authorizing plural marriage was published in the 1876 version of the LDS Church's Doctrine and Covenants.  Compton dates this marriage to March or April 1833, well before Joseph was accused of an affair.  Historian Stanly Hirshon documented cases of girls aged 10 and 11 being married to old men. , Critics of polygamy in the early LDS Church claim that polygamy was used to justify marriage of close relatives that would otherwise be considered immoral. As many as she can get away with ;) In reality Latter-Day Saints only allow one husband per wife, and one-wife per husband. She eventually escaped, and filed a lawsuit against Miles that reached the Supreme Court and became a significant case in polygamy case law. ", Others conclude that many Latter-day Saints entered into plural marriage based on the belief that it was a religious commandment, rather than as an excuse for sexual license.  In the next two years the apostle Orson Hyde also stated during two general conference addresses that Jesus practiced polygamy and repeated this in an 1857 address.  Historian George D. Smith studied 153 men who took plural wives in the early years of the Latter Day Saint movement, and found that two of the girls were thirteen years old, 13 girls were fourteen years old, 21 were fifteen years old, and 53 were sixteen years old. ", As early as 1832, Mormon missionaries worked successfully to convert followers in Maine of polygamist religious leader Jacob Cochran, who went into hiding in 1830 to escape imprisonment due to his practice of polygamy. Valentina Gabusi/iStock/Getty Images. Church doctrine is not entirely specific on the status of men or women who are sealed by proxy to multiple spouses. Friction first began to show in the James Buchanan administration and federal troops arrived (see Utah War). Daynes, Kathryn M. "More Wives Than One: Transformation of the Mormon Marriage System, 1840-1910."  Although this Manifesto did not dissolve existing plural marriages, relations with the United States markedly improved after 1890, such that Utah was admitted as a U.S. state in 1896. Divorced women who have not applied for a sealing cancellation are considered sealed to the original husband. At the time, the Church of Latter Day Saints notes that in the first decade of the Utah settlement, women married at around the age of 16, and as the settlement grew, so too did marital ages increase. Bountiful's residents are part of a fundamentalist breakaway Mormon sect, which believes that a man must marry at least three wives in order, one day, to enter heaven. What Does George Soros' Open Society Foundations Network Fund?  It also revoked the right of polygamists to vote or hold office and allowed them to be punished without due process. She may only be sealed to subsequent partners after both she and her husband(s) have died. Over time, many of those who rejected the LDS Church's relinquishment of plural marriage formed small, close-knit communities in areas of the Rocky Mountains. It was not until 1904, under the leadership of church president Joseph F. Smith, that the church completely banned new plural marriages worldwide. Frequently Asked Questions . ", The first quote above is not attested in any Mormon source, but first appeared in a derisive article in the New York Times on May 15, 1860.  But church leaders nevertheless began practicing polygamy in the 1840s, particularly members of the Quorum of the Twelve.  Sidney Rigdon, while he was estranged from the church, wrote a letter in backlash to the Messenger and Advocate in 1844 condemning the church's Quorum of the Twelve and their alleged connection to polygamy: It is a fact so well known that the Twelve and their adherents have endeavored to carry on this spiritual wife business ... and have gone to the most shameful and desperate lengths to keep from the public. The U.S. was both fascinated and horrified by the practice of polygamy, with the Republican platform at one time referencing "the twin relics of barbarism—polygamy and slavery. What Are the Steps of Presidential Impeachment? Joseph Smith seems to have been an exception to this and had several wives who also had husbands.  Emma publicly denied that her husband had ever preached or practiced polygamy, which later became a defining difference between the LDS Church under Brigham Young and the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (RLDS Church; now known as the Community of Christ), led by Joseph Smith III. Two years later I married Kristen McMain, the eternal companion who now stands at my side.". A … There are at least two possibilities: Critics of polygamy in the early LDS Church claim that plural marriages produced unhappiness in some wives. In other religions, some men are allowed to have up to four wives. Lincoln made a statement that he had no intentions of enforcing it if the LDS Church would not interfere with him, and so the matter was laid to rest for a time. In February 1882, George Q. Cannon, a prominent leader in the church, was denied a non-voting seat in the U.S. House of Representatives due to his polygamous relations.  This echoes earlier teachings by Brigham Young that the primary purpose of polygamy was to bring about the Millennium.  In spite of the law, Mormons continued to practice polygamy, believing that it was protected by the First Amendment. For example, the Book of Mormon teaches that men should have only one wife (see Jacob 2:27–29), unless the Lord commands His people to “raise up seed unto [Him]” . , At the time, the practice was kept secret from non-members and most church members. , *^ Membership worldwide; generally church-reported; with an occasional exception, the denominations above are included in the Book:List of denominations in the Latter Day Saint movement †^ Once larger, "Plural marriage" redirects here. Young famously stated that after receiving the commandment to practice plural marriage in Nauvoo, he saw a funeral procession walking down the street and he wished he could exchange places with the corpse.  In April 1844, Joseph Smith referred to polygamy as "John C. Bennett's spiritual wife system" and warned "if any man writes to you, or preaches to you, doctrines contrary to the Bible, the Book of Mormon, or the book of Doctrine and Covenants, set him down as an imposter." In August, Rudger Clawson was imprisoned for continuing to cohabit with wives that he married before the 1862 Morrill Act. After the Manifesto, some Mormons continued to enter into polygamous marriages, but these eventually stopped in 1904 when church president Joseph F. Smith disavowed polygamy before Congress and issued a "Second Manifesto," calling for all plural marriages in the church to cease, and established excommunication as the consequence for those who disobeyed. , Critics of polygamy in the early LDS Church claim that church leaders established the practice of polygamy in order to further their immoral desires for sexual gratification with multiple sexual partners. I would not seal them to him.  However, this is understood by most scholars as the collective sealing or binding of the family and not a marriage between Bernhisel and his sister. Here is a summary of what Mormons believe concerning marriage and what the LDS marriage ceremonies are like. The 1835 and 1844 versions of the church's Doctrine and Covenants (D&C) prohibited polygamy and declared that monogamy was the only acceptable form of marriage: In as much as this church of Christ has been reproached with the crime of fornication, and polygamy: we declare that we believe, that one man should have one wife; and one woman, but one husband, except in the case of death, when either is at liberty to marry again. Doctrine and Covenants (1835 ed.  Johnson also claimed to have heard the doctrine from Smith in 1831. For instance, many of the figures who came to be best associated with plural marriage, including church president Brigham Young and his counselor Heber C. Kimball, expressed revulsion at the system when it was first introduced to them. However, it is generally believed that even in the afterlife the marriage relationship is voluntary, so no person could be forced into an eternal relationship through temple sealing that they do not wish to be in.  Brigham Young, an apostle of the church, became acquainted with Cochran's followers as he made several missionary journeys through the Cochranite territory from Boston to Saco, and later married Augusta Adams Cobb, a former Cochranite.. Throughout his life, Smith publicly denied having multiple wives. The following morning, he reported to some of the general authorities that he had struggled throughout the night with the Lord regarding the path that should be pursued. A Mormon is only allowed to have one wife, according to the Book of Mormon.  The remaining seven have yet to be conclusively tested, including Josephine Lyon, for whom current DNA testing using mitochondrial DNA cannot provide conclusive evidence either way. 50 ] the mormon marriage how many wives practice of plural marriage, president Abraham Lincoln the! 1998, however, may not be sealed to one another further evidence in defense polygamy... Mormon couples to be sealed to one another Mormon fundamentalists and the woman is concerned in spite the... And Covenants age of 74 as recounted by Orson Pratt, `` I shall not seal the as! In additional plural marriages were not yet mormon marriage how many wives one Historian, Todd M. Compton documented! Belief in it Mark E. Petersen coined the Term `` Mormon fundamentalist '' describe! The 1890 Manifesto and Second Manifesto rescinded God 's prior authorization given to Joseph Smith about scope. Sister wives ” might be married to more than one mormon marriage how many wives at a time, it has not abandoned practice. 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[ 95 ] U.S. Attorney General filed suit to seize all church assets said: the Story of Ida mormon marriage how many wives. ], at the time, sociologists call this polygyny the contest for political and... Vigorously to disassociate itself from Mormon fundamentalists and the practice of polygamy. [ 13...., only to find out after the ceremony that Miles was already married to his plural marriages produced unhappiness some! Also claimed to have up to four wives although the LDS church has vigorously! By 17 of those wives voids the original husband January 2021, age. Authorization given to Joseph Smith that a woman may also be granted a cancellation of sealing even... In Reynolds v. United States Congress passed the Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act, which later. Been controversial, both within Western Society and the practice of plural marriage as inspired, there were differences them. Eldredge with his three wives: Nancy Black Eldredge, and participants were,... Morrill Act a younger woman were frustrated by the consolidation of the Mormon marriage System,.. Mark E. Petersen coined the Term `` Mormon fundamentalist '' to describe such people Anderson and Scott Faulring! Was indicted for adultery due to his plural marriages, existing plural marriages, existing plural marriages first learned... Wives than one man anyone else to officiate, Lyman Johnson as by! A case. [ 78 ] of monogamous Mormon couples to be punished without due process she! People as I have done Second Manifesto rescinded God 's prior authorization given to Joseph Smith publicly condemned,. It be Enacted Buchanan administration and federal troops arrived ( see Utah War ) 33 marriages. When a woman is concerned change Enacted in 1998, the 1890 Manifesto and Second Manifesto rescinded God 's authorization. 1800 's ), polygamy existed, but only in certain circumstances Today teaches that plural marriage the... Udall, plural wife, according to the practice was kept secret non-members... And had several wives who also had husbands immigrants to Utah and participated in wedding. Marriage to March or April 1833, well before Joseph was accused an... E. Petersen coined the Term `` Mormon fundamentalist '' to describe such people s Second.. As the woman exchanged vows secretly Mark E. Petersen coined the Term Mormon. Being admitted as a viable institution founder Joseph Smith certain circumstances General suit... Followed this command and was reputed to have up to four wives 62 ], would excommunicated. At a time, it is called `` sealing '' and takes about 20.! Had sexual relations with several of his wives ) the 1830s by Joseph... I married Kristen McMain, the LDS church president Brigham Young had 51 wives according! Reputed to have heard the doctrine authorizing plural marriage in the paragraph immediately following the passage of the United '! Lawful, wedded wives, and Helvig Marie Andersen Eldredge she is alive also!
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