After Expo, Kroitor left the NFB to co-found what would become known as IMAX Corporation, with Graeme Ferguson and Robert Kerr. Interactive Studio in Montreal, headed by Executive Producer, Ontario and West Studio based in Toronto, headed by Executive Producer: Jacques Turgeon, Quebec Studio based in Montreal, also headed by Executive Producer: Jacques Turgeon. [92][93], While it is claiming success, directing credits and budget shares have barely changed. Studio D was shut down in 1996, amidst a sweeping set of federal government budget cuts, which impacted the NFB as a whole. [15], In this period, other NFB films were issued as newsreels, such as The War Is Over (1945), intended for theatrical showings. [167] In 2012, the NFB received two more Webbys, for Bla Bla (best web art) and God's Lake Narrows (best use of photography). [171], At the 2016 awards, the NFB received six more Webbys: Way to Go received the Webby and People's Voice awards in the Web/NetArt category as well as the Webby for Online Film & Video/VR: Gaming, Interactive or Real-Time. [31], In the post-war era the NFB became a pioneer in new developments in documentary film. [74][75], In November 2006, the National Film Board of Canada and the Inuit Broadcasting Corporation announced the start of the Nunavut Animation Lab, offering animation training to Nunavut artists. NFB-produced and co-produced works featured at prestigious non-fiction forum. [65], In September 2011, the NFB and the Montreal French-language daily Le Devoir announced that they would jointly host three interactive essays on their websites, ONF.ca and ledevoir.com. [96] Cinéaste recherché(e) is a similar program for French-language emerging animators. The six-storey John Grierson Building at its Montreal headquarters has been unused for several years – with HQ staff now based solely in its adjacent Norman McLaren Building. [20], In 1956, the NFB's headquarters was relocated from Ottawa to Montreal, improving the NFB's reputation in French Canada and making the NFB more attractive to French-speaking filmmakers. These films were based on current news and often tackled wartime events as well as contemporary issues in Canadian culture. [27], In 2010, the NFB released an iPad version of their app that streams NFB films, many in high definition. [47][48], Loc Dao is the executive producer and "creative technologist" responsible for NFB English-language digital content and strategy, based in the Woodward's Building in Vancouver. Finance, Operations and Technology: Director General: Luisa Frate, Marketing and Communications: Director General: Jérôme Dufour. In addition to Neighbours, other NFB productions have been the source of controversy, including two NFB productions broadcast on CBC Television that criticized the role of Canadians in wartime led to questions in the Senate of Canada. The plan also sees the NFB building on its relationships with Canadian schools and organizations to create more educational materials about Indigenous peoples in Canada. National Film Board 2021-01-15T11:17:19-05:00 Feature-length documentary and three interactive works showcased at IDFA. Over two hundred such films were produced, including 27 films about Fogo Island, Newfoundland, directed by Colin Low and early NFB efforts in Indigenous filmmaking, such as Willie Dunn's The Battle of Crowfoot (1968). [39], The NFB was a pioneer in computer animation, releasing one of the first CGI films, the Oscar-nominated Hunger, in 1974, then forming its Centre d'animatique in 1980 to develop new CGI technologies. [13], In 1940, with Canada at war, the NFB launched its Canada Carries On series of morale boosting theatrical shorts. Barbara Wilson, Tom O’Connor, Noel Starblanket, Roy Daniels, Morris Isaac, Willie Dunn, and Mike Kanentakeron Mitchell were on Canada’s first all-Indigenous production unit, making groundbreaking work that helped galvanize Indigenous movements across the continent. Canadian Government Motion Picture Bureau, Ladies and Gentlemen... Mr. Leonard Cohen, Category:National Film Board of Canada animated short films, IDFA DocLab Award for Digital Storytelling, Forbidden Love: The Unashamed Stories of Lesbian Lives, Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography, Category:National Film Board of Canada people, Volcano: An Inquiry Into the Life and Death of Malcolm Lowry, The Colours of My Father: A Portrait of Sam Borenstein, The Man Who Planted Trees / L'homme qui plantait des arbres, The Boy Who Saw the Iceberg / Le garçon qui a vu l'iceberg, Lipsett Diaries / Les journaux de Lipsett, Higglety Pigglety Pop! [36], When McLaren joined the NFB, his first film at the film board was the drawn-on-film short, Mail Early. The Unknown Photographer won the People's Voice award in the Online Film & Video/VR: Gaming, Interactive or Real-Time category, while Universe Within received the Webby for Online Film & Video/Best Use of Interactive Video, and Cardboard Crash VR for Google Cardboard won in the category of Online Film & Video/VR: Gaming, Interactive or Real-time (Branded).[54]. English-language production occurs at centres in Toronto (Ontario Centre), Vancouver (Pacific & Yukon Centre, located in the Woodward's Building), Edmonton (North West Centre), Winnipeg (Prairie Centre), and Halifax (Atlantic Centre). For the Argentine organization, see, Government Film Commissioner and NFB Chairperson. [176] Released the following year, If You Love This Planet, winner of the Academy Award for best documentary short subject, was labelled foreign propaganda under the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938 in the United States. [11] They ceased to operate as of September 1, 2012. This introspective short animation takes place In the village of Carcross, in the Tagish First Nation. It was updated in 2002 by the firm of Paprika Communications. First Stories was followed by "Second Stories," in which three filmmakers from the previous program—Gerald Auger, Tessa Desnomie and Lorne Olson—were invited back to create 20 minute films. [58], In October 2009, the NFB launched an iPhone application that was downloaded more than 170,000 times and led to more than 500,000 film views in the first four months. In 1974, in conjunction with International Women's Year, the NFB created Studio D on the recommendation of long-time employee Kathleen Shannon. This technique was also used on Caroline Leaf's film The Street. [71][72], One of the most notable filmmakers in the history of the NFB is Alanis Obomsawin, an Abenaki director who will be completing her 50th film with the NFB in 2017. It has English-language and French-language production branches. [77], In 2005, the NFB introduced its "First Stories" program for emerging Indigenous directors from Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. [37], The NFB was a pioneer in several novel techniques such as pinscreen animation, and as of June 2012, the NFB is reported to have the only working animation pinscreen in the world. [35], When Norman McLaren joined the organization in 1941, the NFB began production of animation. [110], As stipulated in the National Film Act of 1950, the person who holds the position of Government Film Commissioner is the head of the NFB. In the early 1970s, two Quebec political documentaries, Denys Arcand's On est au coton and Gilles Groulx's 24 heures ou plus, were initially withheld from release by the NFB due to controversial content. [22], Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, the National Film Board produced several educational films in partnership with Parks Canada, including Bill Schmalz's Bears and Man. It is overseen by the Board of Trustees Secretariat and Legal Affairs. Other key cinéma vérité films during this period included Lonely Boy (1961) and Ladies and Gentlemen... Mr. Leonard Cohen (1965). [60] The NFB introduced a free iPad application in July 2010,[61] followed by its first app for the Android platform in March 2011. [59] In January 2010, the NFB added high-definition and 3D films to the over 1400 productions available for viewing online. Neighbourhood pillar Grandma Kay tell the local children the tale of how Crow brought fire to people. Budget-wise, 43 per cent of production funds were given to projects led by women (vs. 40 per cent to projects directed by men and 15 per cent to ones overseen by mixed teams). Jeremy Mendes is an interactive artist producing English-language interactive works for the NFB, whose projects include a collaboration with Leanne Allison (Being Caribou, Finding Farley) on the webdoc Bear 71. In total, the NFB has produced over 3,000 productions since its inception,[1] which have won over 5,000 awards. Outside Quebec, French language productions are also made in Moncton (Studio Acadie)[9] and Toronto (Canadian Francophone Studio). [78][79][80], The NFB was a founding partner in Wapikoni Mobile, a mobile film and media production unit for emerging First Nations filmmakers in Quebec. NFB-branded series Retrovision appeared on VisionTV, along with the French-language Carnets ONF series on APTN. The following is an incomplete list of the winners. Neighbourhood pillar Grandma Kay tell the local children the tale of how Crow brought fire to people. Sweeney's recent credits include the online interactive animation work, Bla Bla. [24], During the 1970s and early 1980s, the National Film Board produced a series of vignettes, some of which aired on CBC and other Canadian broadcasters as interstitial programs. [62] When the BlackBerry PlayBook launched on April 19, 2011, it included a pre-loaded app offering access to 1,500 NFB titles. As of March 2013, the NFB devotes one quarter of its production budget to interactive media, including web documentaries. 2008: The NFB announces a Strategic Plan that includes its first digital strategy. The NFB has been a leader in films by women, with the world's first publicly funded women's film's studio, Studio D, followed subsequently by its French-language equivalent, Studio des femmes. Based in Ottawa, 90% of its staff were English and the few French Canadians in production worked with English crews. [citation needed], Early in its history, the NFB was a primarily English-speaking institution. [12], In 1938, the Government of Canada invited John Grierson, a British documentary film producer who introduced the term "documentary" to English-speaking film criticism, to study the state of the government's film production. [66] The NFB is a partner with China's ifeng.com on NFB Zone, the first Canadian-branded web channel in China, with 130 NFB animated shorts and documentary films available on the company's digital platforms. It has received 74 Oscar nominations, more than any film organization in the world outside Hollywood. [81], The Indian Film Crew was an early effort in First Nations filmmaking at the NFB, through its Challenge for Change program (established in 1964 on the initiative of George Stoney, the executive producer of Challenge for Change), and was jointly sponsored by the Company of Young Canadians and the Department of Indian Affairs. [118] The first-ever Oscar for documentary went to the NFB production, Churchill's Island. Up to that date, the Government Motion Picture Bureau, established in 1918, had been the major Canadian film producer. As of October 2009, the Atlantic Centre also operates an office in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. "[83] Subsequent films included the 1969 documentaries These Are My People and You Are on Indian Land. Here, past and present blend, myth and reality meet, and the metaphor of fire infuses all in a location that lies at the heart of this Native community’s spiritual and cultural memory. [108], As part of the 2012 budget cuts, the NFB announced that it was forced to close its Toronto Mediatheque and Montreal CineRobotheque public facilities. [29] The NFB eliminated 73 full and part-time positions. The move had been championed by NFB producers such as Rex Tasker, who became the first executive producer of the NFB's studio in Halifax. [7] In June 2011, the NFB appointed a producer to work with film and digital media makers across Saskatchewan, to be based in Regina.[8]. Traditional animators included Richard Condie, John Weldon, Allison Snowden, Janet Perlman, Cordell Barker, Brad Caslor, Michael Mills, Paul Driessen among others (some draw on paper rather than cels). The results of Grierson's report were included in the National Film Act of 1939. [17], During the 1940s and early 1950s, the NFB employed 'travelling projectionists' who toured the country, bringing films and public discussions to rural communities. "[69] As of April 2015, NFB.ca offered VOD films from partners Excentris and First Weekend Club along with NFB productions, with over 450 English and French VOD titles scheduled to be added in 2015. The NFB's French-language animation unit was founded in 1966 by René Jodoin. Beginning on March 8, 2016, International Women's Day, the NFB began introducing a series of gender parity initiatives. [165] In 2010, the NFB website Waterlife, on the state of the Great Lakes, won in the Documentary: Individual Episode category. Part book, part film, part family photo album, Welcome to Pine Point unearths a place frozen in time and discovers what happens when an entire community is erased from the map. [107], The division's work is the subject of a 2013 book by Carleton University art professor Carol Payne entitled The Official Picture: The National Film Board of Canada’s Still Photography Division and the Image of Canada, 1941-1971, published by the McGill-Queen's University Press. [90][91] The following year, the NFB announced that it also plans to achieve gender balance by 2020 in such creative positions as editing, scriptwriting, musical composition, cinematography and artistic direction. [11], Beginning on 2 May 2014, the NFB's 75th anniversary was marked by such events as the release of a series of commemorative stamps by Canada Post,[30] and an NFB documentary about the film board's early years, entitled Shameless Propaganda. The NFB played a key role in both the Cinéma vérité and Direct Cinema movements, working on technical innovations to make its 16 mm synchronized sound equipment more light-weight and portable—most notably the "Sprocketape" portable sound recorder invented for the film board by Ches Beachell in 1955. [13], In 1939 (82 years ago) (1939), the Act led to the establishment of the National Film Commission, which was subsequently renamed the National Film Board (NFB). Learn more, How People Got Fire, Daniel Janke, provided by the National Film Board of Canada, provided by the National Film Board of Canada, The Owl Who Married a Goose: An Eskimo Legend. [21] The Challenge for Change was also created the same year as a community media project which would develop the use of film and video as a tool for initiating social change. In 2016-2017, 44 per cent of NFB productions were directed by women (compared to 51 per cent directed by men and five per cent by mixed teams). The unit's first release was The Ballad of Crowfoot (1968), described as "the first NFB film to present First Nations experience from an Indigenous point of view. Launched in 1968, the logo symbolized a vision of humanity and was called "Man Seeing / L'homme qui voit". The politicized Oscar. This short film from the Filmmaker-in-Residence project is a provocative and transformative dialogue between homeless mothers and healthcare professionals who deliver babies. [32], Running from 1967 to 1980, Challenge for Change and its French-language equivalent Societé Nouvelle became a global model for the use of film and portable video technology to create community-based participatory documentary films to promote dialogue on local issues and promote social change. Pacific and Yukon Centre based in Vancouver, headed by Executive Producer Shirley Vercruysse. [35], The alternative drama films were The Masculine Mystique (1984), 90 Days (1985), Sitting in Limbo (1986), The Last Straw (1987), Train of Dreams (1987), Welcome to Canada (1989) and The Company of Strangers (1990). [67] NFB documentaries are also available on Netflix Canada. With six regional studios in English Program: And four regional studios in French Program: Upon its merger with the Canadian Government Motion Picture Bureau in 1941, the NFB's mandate expanded to include motion as well as still pictures, resulting in the creation of the Still Photography Division of the NFB. [84][85] A documentary was also made about the effort to increase aboriginal representation in filmmaking.[86]. [166] In 2011, Welcome to Pine Point received two Webbys, for Documentary: Individual Episode in the Online Film & Video category and Net art in the Websites category. These images were widely distributed through publication in various media. The NFB continued to be involved with IMAX breakthroughs at subsequent world's fairs, with NFB director Donald Brittain directing the first-ever IMAX film Tiger Child for Expo 70 in Osaka, and with the NFB producing the first full-colour IMAX-3D film Transitions for Expo 86 in Vancouver and the first 48 fps IMAX HD film Momentum for Seville Expo '92. In 2015, the NFB's animation studios were credited as helping to lead a revival in stop-motion animation in Canada, building on the tradition of NFB animators such as McLaren and Co Hoedeman. That no one ever grew old or moved on. [115][116] In 2009, Norman McLaren's Neighbours was added to UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme, listing the most significant documentary heritage collections in the world.[117]. [70], On June 20, 2017, the NFB announced a three-year plan entitled "Redefining the NFB's Relationship with Indigenous Peoples" that commits the organization to hiring more Indigenous staff, designating 15% of its production spending for Indigenous works and offering cross-cultural training to all employees. Caroline Leaf used this technique on films such as The Metamorphosis Of Mr. Samsa and The Owl Who Married A Goose. The vignettes became popular because of their cultural depiction of Canada, and because they represented its changing state, such as the vignette Faces which was made to represent the increasing cultural and ethnic diversity of Canada. The subject matter found in his work was also inspired by travel. In May 2015, the CFC and NFB announced a new version of the program entitled the NFB/CFC Creative Doc Lab. [178][179], The Board's logo consists of a standing stylized figure (originally green) with its arms wide upward. 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